Cardiovascular diseases are those diseases which involve the heart, or the blood vessels (arteries, capillaries, and veins) or both. They are the diseases which affect your cardiovascular system. The cardio system is also referred to as the circulatory system. This is the system which is responsible for moving blood throughout the body. It comprises of the arteries, veins, heart and the capillaries. It is this system which ensures that oxygen is transported from the lungs to the various organs of the body. Blood is pumped through the capillaries which are vessels located between the arteries and the veins.The deoxygenated blood is pumped back to the lungs through the veins.
Diseases affecting the cardiovascular system
Cardiovascular diseases are the various diseases which affect the cardiovascular system.
These are the heart diseases. They include the following.
- Angina- this is both a vascular and a cardiac disease
- Congenital heart disease- This includes the various congenital disabilities which affect the functioning of the heart
- Arrhythmia-These are problems related with heartbeat such as irregular heartbeat
- Heart failure
- Pulmonary stenosis
- Mitral valve prolapsed
- Mitral regurgitation
- Heart attack
- Dilated cardiomyopathy
These are the diseases affecting the blood vessels, capillaries, veins, and arteries. They include;Atherosclerosis
- Peripheral artery disease
- Raynaud’s disease
- Blood clotting disorders
- Venous blood clots
- Stroke – It is the most common form of the cerebrovascular diseases.
Risk factors associated with cardiovascular diseases
The risk factors are the conditions which increase the chances of someone developing a disorder or a disease. They include type 2 diabetes and obesity. These are the main risk factors for cardiovascular diseases.
Heavy or regular smoking can lead o narrowing of the blood vessels. The most affected vessels are the coronary arteries.
long-term exposure to radiation therapy can raise the chances of developing cardio diseases later in life.
This is the major risk factor especially if it is poorly maintained. Hypertension can damage the walls of the arteries thereby increasing the risks of blood clotting.
Lack of sleep
Individuals sleeping for less than 8 hours in a day are at a high risk of getting the cardio disease. You should have a sound sleep of about eight hours on a daily basis.
Diets rich in fats can accelerate the accumulation of fats inside the arteries. This can raise the risks of hypertension, obesity, and hyperlipidemia. You should avoid consuming diets which low amounts of fiber, fruits, vegetables and essential nutrients.